Brassica juncea crops are cultivated for various purposes from leaf to oil everything is useful. The plant is three to six feet tall and is almost mustard-like in that its leaves are attached to both sides of the same stem, and its seeds yield the same oil as mustard.
Crops of Brassica juncea are grown all over the world, from northern Africa to central Asia (the southern and eastern parts of the former Soviet Union), to Europe and North America.
There are four major subgroups of Brassica juncea cultivars: integrifolia, juncea, napiformis, and tsatsai. In addition to “bamboo mustard”, “small gai choy”, and “mustard cabbage”, the leaf mustard is also known as “mustard tea”. Purple-red mustard leaves with a green petiole are produced by the mustard plant.
How to cultivate Brassica juncea crops
Flowers and fruits:
Its flowers are small and the fruits are usually called pods that are about two inches in diameter and contain 20 to 40 seeds per pod. Its seeds are brown in colour and have a bitter taste
Brassica juncea is cultivated by very few people. It is cultivated on a very small scale, although it does not cost much. It costs less to plant than almost all other crops.
Medium fertile land is considered very good for Brassica juncea crop. Brassica juncea crop is produced very well there.
After ploughing the land three to four times, the land is softened. After ploughing the land three to four times, the land is levelled so that the entire land receives water evenly. If there is too much water in some places and too little in some places, and the crop is damaged.
It is sown in two ways
1 through the spreading:
After softening the soil, they spread it in soil and then mix it properly in this compost.
2 By drill:
When cultivating with a drill, care is taken not to go deeper than 1 inch because the seed will not be grown properly if it goes too deep.
This crop is not fertilized if the animal dung manure is applied completely soft. This way the soil becomes soft and the plant comes out of the soil easily.
It is cultivated in the months of October and November.
The seed is applied at the rate of three to four kg per acre.
It is a rain fed crop, but if cultivated in irrigated areas, two or three irrigation are applied.
In the months of March and April, the crop becomes ripe and is harvested.
Its average productivity is eight to ten manna.
It is very hot, so it is lapped or tied by making piles in rib pain, pneumonia, stomach pain, gout etc.
2: Grinding Brassica juncea in water in ringworm, baldness and rains, then smallpox is formed there, apply ghee on it, then both smallpox and the disease disappear.
3: If phlegm accumulates in the stomach, grind a tola of rye and mix it with hot water and drink it.